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雅思口語:平行結構的省略

雅思口語:平行結構的省略

發布時間:2021-04-23 關鍵詞:雅思口語
摘要: 平行結構在口語寫作中尤為適用,我們經常會用平行結構來句子的復雜度,從而語法分數。

    平行結構在口語寫作中尤為適用,我們經常會用平行結構來句子的復雜度,從而語法分數。

  然而在口寫中,大家就平行結構如何省略總會出現一些問題。

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  錯誤一:平行結構主謂不一致

  Part-time job experience gives students an insight into what work is about and make them prepare psychologically for their future jobs.

  解析:該平行結構省略了主語,主語為part-time job experience,and平行了兩個謂語動詞gives和make,但是make出現了主謂不一致的問題。

  修改:Part-time job experience gives students an insight into what work is about and makes them prepare psychologically for their future jobs.

  錯誤二:平行結構的主語不一致

  Information that encourages racialism and terrorism threatens and should ban to purify the social environment.

  解析:該句主語為information, 第二個and平行了兩個謂語動詞threatens和should ban,略主語。但是information無法主動發出should ban的動作,所以句子歧義。

  修改:Information that encourages racialism and terrorism threatens andshould be banned to purify the social environment.

  或:Information that encourages racialism and terrorism threatens andthe government should ban to purify the social environment.

  錯誤三:省略后的平行部分結構不一致

  Television takes up too much of our time. We no longer have enough time to afford hobbies, take part in entertaining activities, and to enjoy outdoor sports.

  解析:該句平行三個不定式to afford,to take part in,to enjoy,但是在省略過程中,不定式的結構并未平行一致,同樣改正的方式有兩個,一個是變為to take;一個是刪除to enjoy中的to.

  修改:Television takes up too much of our time. We no longer have enough time to afford hobbies, to take part in entertaining activities, and to enjoy outdoor sports.

  或:Television takes up too much of our time. We no longer have enough time to afford hobbies, take part in entertaining activities, and enjoyoutdoor sports.

  總結

  平行結構的省略用法在雅思口語寫作中要確保平行結構主謂一致,省略的主語一致,以及平行結構一致。大家是否學會了呢?嘗試一下應用到平常的練習中吧?


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